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Buddha's jayanti , the birth anniversary of lord buddha

Buddha purnima or buddha jayanti , the birth anniversary of lord buddha, is widely celebrated, on a full moon night in april/may.gautam buddha was born on the full-moon day in the month of vaisakh in 563 bc. he achieved enlightment as well as nirvana on the same date. the festival is celebrated with great joy and vivid colours.

BODHGAYA shrines and quiet this tiny little village, holiest among holy places is bodhgaya, where prince Siddhartha’s quest was fulfilled after years of seeking the truth and the saga of Buddha began. He attained the supreme enlightment, and become the Buddha, the enlightened one thus Buddhism was born here under the PEEPAL (fig) tree. The prince had been wandering in search of supreme peace for long six years hither and thither. But it was BODHGAYA only where his holy mission was achieved.


Ashoka’s daughter Sangamitta, a Buddhist nun took a shoot from the tree of Srilanka where the king, Devanampyatissa, planted flourishes today and is the oldest continually document tree in the world.

The present Bodhitree is most probably the fifth descendent of the original tree to be planned at this site. It still performs a very important role to Buddhists of all traditions being viewed as the actual Buddha by some, it is a reminder and inspiration, a symbol of peace, of Buddha’s enlightment and of the ultimate potential that lies within us all.

BODHGAYA has naturally developed in to the most sacred spot for the Buddhist from all over the world, especially the affluent south East Asia.

Buddhas and Nirmanakayas in Hinyana and Mahayana

There are different perception of what a Buddha is, at Hinayana level, at the Mahayana level and at the Vajrayana level. Now, Buddha appeared and taught according to the level of the listener. So, he had many teachings. There is no one book in this system. There are many books, there are many teachings which Buddha gave according to the level of the listener. Because what he had to say was very, very difficult. He also appeared differently to different people according to what kind of the Buddha they could cognize. So, there are different perceptions of what a Buddha is. For example, if you go and examine the southern system, in Theravada and so forth, what do they think a Buddha is? Then if you go and examine the Mahayana texts, what do they think that a Buddha is, finally if you examine the vajrayana texts, what do they think that a Buddha is? We find that there are different levels of perception, which are not contradictory. They are not contradictory.

They are as if the Buddha revealed himself at a more superficial level to the beginner, then at a deeper level to the more advanced person, then at the very deep level to the most advanced kind of practioner.

The life of Buddha Shakyamuni.

It is said that our Buddha, Shakyamuni, generated the bodhicitta, the thought to attain perfect enlightment in the time of a very remote past age, during the time of a Buddha who was called dipamkara Buddha. Then that Buddha had prophesied that,, you will at such and such time attains enlightment and manifest in the future as Shakyamuni. So, in accordance with that prophecy: Suddhodana was the father of Buddha: (there for he named his son sarvarthasiddha)

Now, this is one rendering of the Buddha’s name. here Buddha’s name is said to be sarvathasiddha. Although normally we know Buddha as Siddharta, before he become enlightened.sarvarthasiddha means here All Aims Accomplished, but I think the other name, siddharta, is a very,ver y significant name, because it can be translated as one who has established the meaning siddha means to establish and arta means meaning siddharta means one who has established the ultimate meaning, the ultimate meaning of life, of this universe. For more prayers for consolation he went all around the city with chandaka as his charioteer. On seeing the four omens of birth. Old age, sickness and death his heart felt utterly distressed, and he said:

Old age, sickness, and death-----
If those three did not exist
I would delight in the sense objects
Which are exceedingly pleasurable?

Thus , having been disguted by the reality of suffering, by which the most excellent succumb to impermanence, and accompanied by the suffering of change, embraced by the all-pervading condition of mundane existence and persued by the suffering of pain itself, he vowed to renounce the world.

At that time king suddhona’s retinue feared that the prince might become a monk. There for, they had the outskirts of the city vigilantly patrolled by the watch men and gatekeepers, so that he could not go anywhere. On the final night he bowed to his father and guided by his solemn vow, removed the obstacle posed by the (previous) lack of parental consent. Riding upon kanthaka the prince galloped through the sky with assistance of the four guardian kings. Then near the sacred stupa he cut off his hair and thus shed the evidence that he was not a monk.

He cut off his hair and thus shed the evidence that he was not a monk. He then exchanged his linen dress for the saffron robe.

In vaisali and Rajagrha, under ardakalama and udraka, two sophists who were celebrated for their instruction, he studied the contemplation of nothing at all and of the pinnacle of existence, and he attained states as high as those of his masters. But knowing that those contemplations had practices were not the path to liberation from the evils of cyclic existence, he persevered in ascetic contemplation for six years with five noble companions on the banks of NIRANJANA River. During each of the first two years he ate a single grain of rice. During each of the next two years he drinks a single drop of water. And during the last two years he took nothing whatsoever.

Then the gods called to him in verse. The conquerors of the ten direction and their spiritual sons aroused him from the lower path and urged him to the point of Enlightment. Then, to remove his exhaustion, he enjoyed a little solid food, at which he himself then set off for vajrasana in Magadha.

THE BUDDA’S THRONE IS CALLED Vajrasana. Vajra means indestructible, ASANA means the indestructible seat.

He himself then set off for vajrasana in Magadha. On the way a Brahmin girl, sujata, served him with the honeyed cream of five hundred cows. Instantly his body becomes lustrous as polished golden door bolt, and he made sujata’s merit inexhaustible. While on the road he received a handful of grass, as soft as a peacock’s throat, from the grass –cutter Svastika, and with it he proceeded towards the indestructible seat. At the bodhi tree in the centre of vajrasana, self- originated through the blessing of all the Buddha’s, he spread out the grass mat and, sitting upon it with his legs crossed, made this vow:

Let this body of mine dry up
Let this heap of skin and bones decay.
I will not move from this
Till the enlightenment, hard to gain